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Demecarium bromide is a potent, long acting cholinesterase- inhibitor used topically to treat acute glaucoma. Parasympathomimetic drugs cause contraction of the muscles associated with the ciliary body and of the iris sphincter. This allows increased outflow of aqueous humor by mechanically opening the iridocorneal angle. Parasympathomimetic drugs also increase aqueous humor protein and may cause vasodilation of the conjunctiva. In dogs, demecarium bromide has been shown to decrease intraocular pressure for up to 48 hours.
The most commonly used parasympathomimetic to treat primary glaucoma is 2% pilocarpine. Demecarium bromide is an alternative drug.
We can let your veterinarian know that you are interested in our compounded Demecarium Bromide.
Acute primary glaucoma generally is a breed-related hereditary condition. It is a true medical emergency. Topical prostaglandins are the first-line drugs of choice in the affected eye. Demecarium bromide often is used in the medical management of the non-affected eye. Almost all cases of primary glaucoma will become bilateral if the contralateral eye is not monitored and appropriately medicated. One of the advantages to demecarium bromide is that it may be administered once or twice a day.
As with other parasympathomimetic drugs, overdose may cause GI distress, hypotension, bradycardia, and dyspnea.
Parasympathomimetic, carbamate inhibitor
May Be Prescribed by Vets for:
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Barbara Forney, VMD
Dr. Barbara Forney is a veterinary practitioner in Chester County, Pennsylvania. She has a master's degree in animal science from the University of Delaware and graduated from the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine in 1982.
She began to develop her interest in client education and medical writing in 1997. Recent publications include portions of The Pill Book Guide to Medication for Your Dog and Cat, and most recently Understanding Equine Medications published by the Bloodhorse.
Dr. Forney is an FEI veterinarian and an active member of the AAEP, AVMA, and AMWA.
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This content is intended for counseling purposes only. This content is informational/educational and is not intended to treat or diagnose any disease or patient. No claims are made as to the safety or efficacy of mentioned preparations. The compounded medications featured in this content have been prescribed and/or administered by prescribers who work with Wedgewood Pharmacy. You are encouraged to speak with your prescriber as to the appropriate use of any medication. Wedgewood Pharmacy’s compounded veterinary preparations are not intended for use in food and food-producing animals. All product and company names are trademarks™ or registered® trademarks of their respective holders. Use of them does not imply any affiliation with or endorsement by them.